The high cost of displacement due to war, violence

Most people who have been forced from their homes flee within their own country, and are defined as internally displaced people, or IDPs.

The relentless civil war in Syria and a surge of South Sudanese fleeing the collapse of peace efforts in their country helped propel the global population of displaced people to a record in 2016, the United Nations (UN) refugee agency said on Monday (June 19).

One bright spot was that more refugees returned home than in years past (552,200 people). People internally displaced are defined as still living in their home country, but have nowhere to actually live.

Of the total, some 10.3 million people were newly displaced in 2016, around two-thirds fleeing within their own countries, according to an annual report by the group.

Refugee numbers worldwide have reached 22.5 million, which the report notes "is the highest ever seen".

â€When we stand together with refugees, we also stand for respect and diversity for all, ” says UN High Commissioner for Refugees Filippo Grandi.

The United Nations (UN) has said that now 60 million people in the world are refugees, asylum seekers or homeless in their own country whereas Pakistan hosts 1.4 million refugees.

Turkey, which has taken in the largest number of Syrians, to a total of 2.9 million at the end of 2015.

There are around 120,000 people living in South Sudan's Bentiu camp and many fear that if they leave their ethnicity would make them a target for government soldiers

- The fastest growing refugee population was spurred by the crisis in South Sudan.

Syria and South Sudan were far from the only countries where people were being uprooted en masse, with Monday's report also pointing to large-scale displacement in Afghanistan, Iraq and Sudan, just to name a few.

Canada is contributing another $86 million to assist starvation and war ravaged South Sudan, International Development Minister Marie-Claude Bibeau announced today. While the 2016 total is high - representing an enormous number of people needing protection worldwide - it also shows that growth in displacement slowed past year.

This huge imbalance reflects several things including the lack of consensus internationally when it comes to hosting refugees, and the proximity of many poor countries to regions of conflict.

A Ghanaian UN peacekeeper stands watch as children look on at a protection camp for displaced civilians in Bentiu, South Sudan June 18, 2017.

"Tragically, 75,000 asylum claims were received from children travelling alone or separated from their parent".

Leaving aside the long-standing Palestinian refugee situation, Colombians (7.7 million) and Afghans (4.7 million) remained the second- and third-largest displaced populations, followed by Iraqis (4.2 million).

It is a smaller increase than 2014-15, when the figure rose by five million, reports the BBC. The country allows refugees to work and travel freely, access Ugandan social services and gives them a plot of land to live on, and another to farm. "Borders must be kept open, but we can not expect a country like Uganda to shoulder the entire bill", said Egeland. Syria, Iraq, and the still very significant displacement inside Colombia were the biggest internal displacement situations, nonetheless the problem of internal displacement is a worldwide one and accounts for nearly two thirds of the global forced displacement total.



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