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They pointed to statements by legislative leaders and others that the point of CD 12 was to pack democratic voters into CD 12 so they could not influence elections in the surrounding districts.
North Carolina is (unofficially) the GOP's policy lab in that numerous party's more controversial policies are first tested there. They redrew the maps in 2016. The justices unanimously rejected the "reshuffle" of voters in District 1 and voted 5-3 to reject that of District 12. The court ruled that two districts in North Carolina are unconstitutional because they intentionally gerrymandered an inordinate percentage of African-Americans into the districts in order to diminish minority voting power in other districts.
North Carolina has had problems with these districts before. The decisionupheld a lower court's ruling from last February. Election experts said the decision could help similar challenges in other southern states. "To be specific, the new District 12 had 35,000 more African-Americans of voting age and 50,000 fewer whites of that age", Justice Kagan wrote.
The court did so as to both districts, she noted, in part due to the deferential review that the Supreme Court gives to factual conclusions reached by lower courts.
"We by no means 'insist that a state legislature, when redistricting, determine precisely what percent minority population demands.' But neither will we approve a racial gerrymander whose necessity is supported by no evidence and whose raison d'être is a legal mistake". At the time, progressives viewed Shawand its predecessors as an assault on the VRA-a Republican effort to prevent states from helping black voters choose their own representatives. In North Carolina, for instance, roughly two-thirds of white voters cast their ballots for Republicans, while some 90 percent of African-Americans vote Democratic.
Calling the move "a watershed moment in the fight to end racial gerrymandering", former attorney general Eric Holder said North Carolina's maps "were among the worst racial gerrymanders in the nation".
"This is part of a court project over 30 years now of trying to see that race is not used in the design of election districts any more than is absolutely necessary", said Richard H. Pildes, a law professor at New York University.
The ruling was a rebuke to North Carolina Republicans but the districts in question have already been re-drawn.
Student voter registration and turnout generated by HBCUs could now impact representation in several districts throughout the state. "Today's ruling sends a stark message to legislatures and governors around the country: Racial gerrymandering is illegal and will be struck down in a court of law". For this reason, although CD 12 was a crossover district in North Carolina's previous districting plan, there is no guarantee that it will be such a district in any future plan.
JusticeSamuel Alito penned a dissent in the case, joined by Chief JusticeJohn Roberts and Justice Anthony Kennedy. "A precedent of this court should not be treated like a disposable household item - say, a paper plate of napkin - to be used once and then tossed in the trash", Alito argued.
Writing for the court, JusticeElena Kagan said the state failed to offer compelling justification for why it so deliberately grouped black voters into the districts at the center of the legal dispute.
Kagan, along with liberal Justices Ginsberg, Sotomayor and Breyer, plus conservative Justice Clarence Thomas, found race was the factor.
Third, the court's ruling on CD 12 is important because the court's view of racial predominance is just as likely to disrupt a gerrymander that favors Democrats as one that favors Republicans.
On District 1, which was 52.7 percent black when it was created in 2010, the ruling was unanimous.
Jeremy Corbyn, the leader of the main opposition Labour Party, also declined to attend the debate, citing May's absence. He said: 'The Brexit negotiation between Brussels and London will have outcomes none of us can predict.
With every game, the Predators kept pounding away and applying more dents on their opponent until the Ducks finally caved in. They used up all their sweat equity in tying the Predators, 3-3, in the third period and even had a power play after that.
And if you're an Aishwarya Rai Bachchan fan, you don't have to wait too long now to see the icon light up the French Riviera too. With lovely Deepika Padukone making a style statement at Cannes, Aishwarya too has departed for the 70 edition of Cannes.
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The highest reported snow total was 38.5 inches (97.79 centimetres) near Ward, Colorado, the National Weather Service said. Because we're due for what could be a significant blast of snow now through Friday evening.
He denied being in favour of making all countries that use the euro liable for other individual countries' existing debt. Richard Ferrand, the former Socialist who helped Macron create his party, spent two years at high school in Germany.
Ford announced the update in a release touting the new compatibilities, which will be available to an estimated 800,000 vehicles . One way is to simply go to your local Ford dealership and have one of its service employees install the update for you.
Meanwhile polls have warned that Labour, which won a majority in four councils five years ago, could be facing "heavy losses". On average the party's share of the vote has been up ten points on 2012 in such contests.
Rebel Wilson tells court Australian articles hurt her career
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Pontus Aberg's goal puts Predators past Ducks 3-1 in Game 5
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Hamilton enjoying the intensity of duel with Vettel
Equally as important, Ferrari showed that the upgrades brought by both title contenders to Spain canceled one another out. But in between came a properly enjoyable race which highlighted how much better F1 is with a resurgent Ferrari.
Ducks even series vs. Predators with Game 4 overtime victory
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